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History of Guitar Amps

A guitar amp (short for amplifier) is an electronic device that takes the signal from a guitar and amplifies it so that it can be played through a speaker. The great thing about guitar amplifiers is that they can be used to play around with the guitar’s timbre by selectively amplifying specific frequencies and by adding different effects. Basically, the vibrations of the guitar’s metal strings are picked up by a microphone known as a pickup in an electric guitar. In acoustic guitars, a normal microphone is used to pick up the vibrations from the strings. Once this vibration is turned into an electrical signal, it can then be amplified by the amp.

The first electric amps for musical instruments were not specific to the electric guitar. In the 1930’s the first guitar amps started showing up. Thanks to new technologies in capacitors and rectifier tubes, it was now feasible to include a power supply that could simply be plugged in (rather than having to use huge, clumsy, and impractical batteries). Battery technology wouldn’t catch up until later. Because of this, the first guitar amps were used with acoustic guitars. Strangely enough, the first guitar amps became popular thanks to a huge boom in music from Hawaii! This music relied heavily on the Ukulele and a Hawaiian steel guitar, both of which required considerable amplification.

In early guitar amps, there were only very basic tone controls. While there was a lot of possible treble boost, the fact that most guitar amps were low in power before the 1950s and that loudspeaker technology was not very advanced meant that bass and treble controls were not all that effective. Early models sometimes included basic reverb and a built-in tremolo. The first Fender guitar amps referred to what we know today as tremolo as vibrato. Then they labeled the guitar vibrato unit as the tremolo bar.

Musicians in the 1960’s started using distortion in electric guitars by forcing amplifiers into overdrive. One way in which early distortion was achieved was by plugging more than one amplifier in a chain, taking the distorted output of one guitar amp and plugging into the input of another amplifier. Later on, electric guitars started to include pre-amp distortion and manufacturers started to build effects units so that musicians could produce effects and distortion safely and without resorting to these kinds of methods. Today, distortion is an integral part of many musical styles and one of the qualities that makes electric guitar music unique.

The first guitar amplifiers were designed to be used for keyboards or for bass. However, other instruments started requiring amps due to the wider range of frequencies, leading to the development of full-range speakers and advancements in guitar amp technology. Low frequencies and higher volumes tax the amp more. Because of this, guitar amps need to be combined with woofer or subwoofer speakers and specially-built cabinets to house them. Early amps were definitely not well suited for today’s high gain, high volume musical demands.  Article Source

Top 10 Guitar Amp Brands

Questions and Answers

What bass guitar amp to get?

Hellooo, looking to get a new bass guitar amp. No idea which one to get, could someone help? Preferably a very cheap one, but a good amp. Or a mini one.

Posted by Nina
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Buying a new amp is very important and costly, and the bulk of your budget should be spent on your amp/cab/combo. Please steer clear from Behringer and Acoustic, very risky choices, poor customer service and QC, just check the reviews.

For small gigs and to fill a small room, you will be wanting at the very least 150 watts of clean power to compete with a drummer, guitarist and a singer. For outdoors i'd use a minimum 500watts (not nearly enough for screamer music) or most prefered method would be to mic my amp to a PA. (note bass amps need more watts to produce sound than guitars amps because of the lower frequencies).
In my opinion, save money and buy louder gear. Once you do. Get this…even a used one.


With 200watts of power into 4ohms this has good power with little resistance. It has a 12 inch speaker + a tweeter speaker (you can switch off or on). 12's, in my opinion, are the best speaker size, 10’s can be too tight and 15’s can be too muddy and should really be stacked with 10’s… So 12’s are known to have the best of both worlds, good punch and good lows. It has a limiter, pre-amp clip, gain control, bass intensifier, aural enhancer and an effects blend on top of the wedge EQ and EQ controls to adjust and control your sound. Here’s the owner’s manual…


Here’s a review/demo to look at what I’m talking about:

If the SWR is too pricey and can’t find a second hand one, try using this amp’s power and features as a benchmark when looking at amp’s. It will last you, because it is true 200 watts of power at low resistance (some companies e.g. Behringer or Acoustic claim 200 but don’t take into account impedance levels so they really only put out 180) I think it could handle a small club/pub venue as well for when you get older, and it’s not an expensive amp.

Note: Other bass amp brands you should look at are Ampeg, Ashdown, Fender or Orange.
Diggy Pearlman: Mesa Engineering are only useful for pro's in production and people with too much cash.

Hope this has helped.

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Questions and Answers

Is an acoustic guitar or an electric one better for starters?

Hey, I'm planning on playing the electric guitar and I've never actually played a guitar before so I'm wondering if I should start with an acoustic since i don't want to spend so much on stuff.

And which brand should I get?

Posted by Mikki
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I started on acoustic, and that's what I recommend.

For one, an acoustic is more portable…you can take it anywhere.

An electric, you'll have to lug around an amp and a cable, at minimum, plus you're restricted to only those areas that have electricity, meaning you can't very well take an electric to the beach, or camping. (They do make little plug in amps, and also small amps powered by batteries, but that's more expense)

With an acoustic…you'll play more, plus it will help build finger strength much faster then an electric.

For acoustics…try to buy one that has a "solid top." it will last a lifetime, or more. If the ad doesn't say "solid top" it doesn't have one, as solid tops are preferable and the tone of the guitar will improve through the years.

Fender makes some great solid top acoustics for about $250, even Guitar Player magazine likes the low end Fenders.

Best of luck, and find a friend who also plays guitar…you'll improve 10 times faster then you will sitting alone in your room practicing.

Questions and Answers

Help for buying guitar !!?

I am thinking of buying my first guitar.I thought of buying an electric guitar as it will be easy to learn.Please suggest any good guitar brands and with prices.Do I need an amp for playing electric guitar? If needed what brand of amp should i buy? Are these brands available in India.
Please also tell me least and highest possibility of money spending in total.

Posted by Pinky M
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Who told you electric guitar was easier to learn? Probably not a guitar teacher!

Anyway, if you want an electric guitar because it fits the musical style you prefer, then by all means get one. You'll probably need to spend around $300 US for a decent beginner electric guitar and amplifier. You can get the starter packs (like a Fender Squier Bullet and a little 10 watt amplifier with a 6" speaker) for less than $200 but they are pretty low quality and will be obsolete in a few months if you develop any real skill at guitar.

So let me put in a plug for an acoustic guitar. For $199 US you can get a really nice Yamaha FG700S acoustic guitar with a solid Sitka spruce top. You'll have a pretty good quality guitar that plays nicely and will last you a while. It will be cheaper than an electric guitar and amplifier, you'll be able to play it anywhere, and (here's the kicker) – you'll learn the exact same things on the acoustic guitar as you learn on the electric guitar (neither is easier to learn). Just put light gauge strings on it and it won't be too hard on your fingers. That is one advantage to electric guitar is that the strings are lighter and the action is usually lower so it's a bit easier to fret the strings, but that shouldn't determine which type of guitar you learn on.

Sorry, I'm not too sure what's available in India or what prices would be there.

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Practice Guitar Amps Top 10

Questions and Answers

What kind of guitar amp should i get?

I want to upgrade from my starter amp, which is a stagg 15 watt. I need an amp that is good for metal/rock. Im either debating on a marshall or line 6, i dont want to spend more than 200 on an amp. Any suggestions?

Posted by this guy
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Hello there,

Most beginners underestimate the importance of the amp and speakers in the sound. I am not a fan of the small practice amps (10 to 20 watts) the speakers in those make you sound thin and tinny. I suppose you have already discovered that, or at least will when you get a better amp.

If your budget is $200, that will be a tight budget if you buy a new amp. If you buy a used amp, you can get a good amp for $200. I always suggest a used 1×12 combo amp from Fender, Vox, Crate, Marshall, Peavey or Line 6. The 1x12s from those brands are all decent amps. Check your local want ads, craigslist and eBay for the best deal you can find. In case you do not know, a combo amp is where the amplifier and speakers are in the same cabinet. 1×12 means it as one 12 inch speaker.

I have a Line 6 Spider III 2×12. I like it. I have concerns about whether the computer part is durable enough to hold up to the rigors and abuse of heavy gigging; For playing around the house, it is nice. One thing about Line 6 that annoys me is the footswitch. They advertise all the built in amp models. However without the proper footswitch, you cannot access them. You can only access 4 basic channels.. The FBV-2, FBV-4 and the FBV Express pedals only allow you to move between the 4 basic channels. You have to buy the Shortboard to access the other models. The Shortboard sells used for around $150; With your budget, all you will get is the amp with the 4 channels. The amp does sound decent and has some classic amps models for the 4 channels. If you have never played on any of the amps upon which those are based, you will think they sound just like them. If you have actually played on those amps. You will realized the sound is not all that close.

I see used 1×12 and 2×12 combos selling on eBay frequently at very attractive prices.

Marshall. I am biased. I have a vintage Marshall Lead combo. So I don't think the new stuff sounds as good.. Of course, I don't think the new Fender stuff sounds as good as my old black face amp either. That said, there is a Marshall 50 watt 1×12 that is decent. Fender has a couple in that range. The Stage 1×12 and the Frontman 1×12 (FM 100 I think it is) are both decent.

I think the best idea for you is to search for the best deals on a used combo. If you find one that is interesting and affordable, go to Harmony Central and read the user reviews about that model. Then you wiill have a better idea if that particular amp is what you want. I suppose those brands have put out a bad 1s12, but I cannot think of one off the top of my head.


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Questions and Answers

What type of electric guitar should i get?

I really would like to get an electric guitar this summer so that instead of being bored I can play. I haven't played before but I am really interested. Is there specific types of guitars, and whats the difference between bass, treble, and all of that stuff. (Is it the way it sounds??) btw its for a 13 year old.

Posted by Heidi
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Most beginners are going to start out with a squier strat pack. It's not necessarily a terrible instrument but I personally don't care much for them. They are maligned by all the problems associated with a beginner guitar. Bad fret work, bad hardware, substitution of lower grade wood, cheap pickups. The list can go on, if you are really picky about this stuff. I make them sound like the plague, but a beginner probably couldn't tell the difference right away. Anyways the nicer models that squier offers are much nicer, than their basic affinity line. Also, its a fact that many beginning guitarist quit because they had a terribly set up instrument.


the above link is an example of one of their nicer guitars. The finish is actually quite good.

Acoustics are great simply because you concentrate on playing and not fiddling with amps, and pedals. Another benefit is increased finger strength because the strings are thicker. Although on my guitar I just put on .10 gauge electric strings. Makes for the same playability as an electric guitar if set up well.

While i own and play an acoustic they have a whole different set of variables. So this is something you have to consider early on. Acoustic electric or straight acoustic. Yamaha makes some really nice affordable guitars. Remember that the sonic goals are very different from an electric guitar. Usually you want that nice sparkling top end.

Also, I like to advocate smaller brands that don't get any attention from beginners. Most people looking to purchase a new guitar mainly look at Ibanez, squier, epiphone. All decent guitars but their beginner guitars offer low cost at the expense of quality control and grade of components.

You can't go wrong with a strat or a les paul. Traditionally a strat should be made of alder and can have either maple or rosewood fingerboards. Les pauls usually will have mahogany bodies with a rosewood fingerboard. Having said that, look at and you will notice that guitars usually don't have this once you start looking at about the 300 for epiphone and 350 for squier. Tonewood is important because that is the one thing you cannot later upgrade or swap you are stuck with it forever. You might not even notice but, it is something to consider. It really changes the tonality and resonance of the instrument. is a great reputable site that i haver personally used. They offer great guitars at an affordable price. Stick to the brand agile and you will surely get a great instrument.

Here is their variant on the les paul, not too many of that type around. Thick meaty sounds available. Good all around guitar, known for use in rock and roll.


and here is a cool take on a strat. Almost every company has made some sort of strat is their history. I like rosewood fingerboards, but maple is fine too. Maple will be brighter. Strats have the added benefit of having a tremolo system. I block it with a piece of cork that i cut in two. This is something you can look into, changes sound slightly and disables trem. It makes for a more stable guitar, especially if your trem springs are not set up well.


also i understand that you will have a limited budget. Spend as much as possible towards the guitar. If that means going without an amp that is fine. For practicing purposes you'll live. A good guitar is plenty resonant for practicing purposes. Cheap amps have little resale value, and you will outgrow them rapidly.

The things above are things that i personally look for when i want a guitar. Pickups matter, but that is something that you will learn to discern later on. That is a completely different can of worms altogether. As long as the craftsmanship is there, and the tone woods are good you will be fine. Amps and pickups, and guitar pedals are part of the fun but this is something that should be part of a long term investment. I spent 400 for a used Fender Hot Rod Deluxe amp, and at least 350 for pedals some of them used. I got a great deal on a blemished raven West strat for about 210 on ebay. This is not counting the mistakes along the way on bad gear choices made as a beginner.

I know its a lot more info than you probably need, but i would hate to see you make the same mistakes i did. Guitar is a long term commitment. If you really want to learn the initial investment will pay off.

Questions and Answers

Help me decide which guitar to get?

I have never bought an electric guitar before, so I am trying to decide over a squier bullet strat (HSS), a squire classic vibe tele 50's, a squire classic vibe tele custom, or a standard tele. I like the tone of the humbuckers, but i also like the clean tone of the single coils. I like the tone that the Foo Fighters have and Dave Grohl has humbuckers on his guitars. But I also like the clean tone that Keith Urban has and he plays telecasters. I would probably play rock, blues, reggae, and country. Also, I have no idea what kind of amp to buy. Nothing too big or too expensive. Heres a link to all of the guitars: Http://… Thanks!

Posted by Mack
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Hello there,

Strange mix of choices. You have a low end Squier Strat in the Bullet. You have a near top of the Squier line in the Classic Vibe and the Squier Standard is near top of the line. The Bullet will cost less than half the price of the others. The other two are far better guitars. The Bullet is the only one with a tremolo bridge. So if you want a whammy bar you need to go with a Strat.

Most beginners under estimate the importance of the amp and speakers in how they will sound. They worry about selecting the best guitar and figure any cheap amp will do. It does not work lke that. You only sound as good as your speakers, no matter what guitar you have. A great guitar played through a lousy amp or lousy speakers will sound lousy. The small practice amps that are 10 to 25 watts are simply lousy. They have either a 6 or 8 inch speaker that will make you sound thin and tinny. There is more to the power rating of an amp than how loud it will get. It takes more power to handle gain and distortion than most newer players realize. A low power amp will run out of head room if you try to use gain and distortion. That leads to a lousy sound. I believe the 1×12 combo amp is best for beginners. The 12 inch speaker will give you a richer fuller sound. With at least 30 watts of power, the amp will handle some gain and distortion. Also many small practice amps have no built in effects. When you play rock, you use effects. If the amp does not have them built in, you buy separate pedals to get those effects. It is easy to have a few hundred dollars tied up in pedals.

A good amp for a beginner is the Fender Mustang II. It is a 40 watt 1×12 modeling amp. That means it is very versatile in how it will sound. It has many built in effects saving the cost of buying pedals. The 12 inch speaker has a good rich tone. At 40 watts it is going to handle gain and distortion very well. New it costs $200.


Buy yourself a decent amp. Then with what is left of your budget get the best quality guitar you can. Buying used guitars is a good way to stretch your money. Used sell for about half the cost of new.


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Top 10 Acoustic Amps

Questions and Answers

What are your top 10 guitar amps?

what are your top 10 guitar amps that are under $ 10

Posted by Wael Y
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Under $100?

Um… There ain't much.

I lucked out and had a guy sell me my Peavey Roadmaster 160 Watt Tube head for $125, and all I had to do was fix one fuse holder. Of course I had to buy a speaker cabinet for it, so I got a Peavey Windsor 4×12 cabinet for $300.

I've also got a 1967 Ampeg Gemini 1 tube combo that I found in a pawn shop for $160 bucks.

On top of that, I've got a Fender 100W solid state bass head that someone gave me (and all I had to do was fix one wire going to a fuse holder on it too). I already had a kustom bass combo with a really nice 15" speaker, but the amp was fried, so i just pulled out the amp and used it as a speaker cab.

Someone gave my drummer a brand new Fender GDEC 1×8 15 watt practice amp with built in midi backup drums/bass/keys, a tuner, headphone jack, and RCA inputs, they are $250 new, but I only gave my drummer $100 for it.

I was just playing quite possibly the most bad-azz new combo at a guitar center, it's the Peavey 'Delta Blues' tube amp. 1×15" speaker, not sure how many watts, but it has tubes, so wattage isn't really that important – they are all loud!!
It was like $650 or something. Very nice though, rugged looking – very retro/old fashioned looking.

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Questions and Answers

I wanna start playing guitar should i buy an acoustic first or an electric?

Id rather play an electric guitar but some one told me i should learn with an acoustic guitar first. And can i get something decent for around a 100 bucks.

Posted by Paul
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This is a highly debated subject. People give a few different reasons to go acoustic so lets break those down.

1) Cost, you don't have to buy an amp with an acoustic. Yes, this is true, but it is also true that for what you will pay for a decent playing solid top acoustic you could have gotten an electric guitar and amp. Someone mentioned amps not coming with effects, but almost all beginners amps will be solid state with built in effects. The Line 6 is a perfect example.

2) Acoustic makes your hands stronger. Again, true, but do your hands need to be strong enough to play acoustic if you only want to play electric? No.

3) Acoustic allows you to hear your mistakes better in the beginning. No one here mentioned this and to me it is the only valid point that can be made for starting on acoustic. Since the acoustic has a more pure sound you can more easily tell if you are doing something wrong usually, but honestly this is no deal breaker to me.

Any guitar teacher will tell you that about 1 in 10 of the people that start learning guitar will actually follow through with it. The other 9 will quit. So the biggest obstacle in learning guitar is just keeping your interest so you don't give up. If you are into AC/DC for instance you won't be happy learning on an acoustic and will be more likely to quit. If you are into Taylor Swift type stuff you'll love acoustic. Also understand that because an acoustic will generally have higher action and thicker strings, it will be harder on your fingers to play it. When you start talking about acoustics under $300 then you have an even harder guitar to play. I have picked up many $200 electrics that played very good. I have never picked up a $200 acoustic that played well. So bottom line, get the type of guitar that your are most interested in, that's all that matters.

Questions and Answers

Fender or Epiphone acoustic guitar?

OK, so I'm looking to get a new guitar and am deciding between a Fender CD-60CE and an Epiphone AJ-100 CE. Both are acoustic/electric hybrids and the fender is $265 and Epiphone is $170. I have been playing for 3 years and am at the intermediate level. I can play well but I've never known much about the products. So, which one is better? Should I get a cheaper Epiphone or not-as-cheap Fender? Are there any major flaws with either? If so, which other guitar would you recommend for under $300. BTW, I REALLY prefer cutaway design.


Posted by OMG i want to know
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I own several guitars, one is acoustic. Mine is an Epiphone. My rhythm player has a Fender. Both work pretty well.
When you are buying budget acoustics the variation from one to the next is a lot more than on the expensive ones. Play each one carefully. Play unplugged first, then into an amp. Listen for even response from string to string and up and down the neck. Listen to the tone and the overall volume of the instrument. I once bought an Ibanez flat top and the store had three of the same model. One played better than the other two. Acoustic guitars don't have easily adjustable action so you want one that rings clearly anyplace on the neck you play it. Guitars with piezo bridge pickups can be succeptible to the dreaded QUACK if picked really hard. You will know that sound if you hear it when played through an amp.
Remember that the age of strings has a big influence on tone of an acoustic guitar. If you find one that plays well but sounds dull, old strings could cause that. They won't be as shiny as new ones. The music store might get generous and restring one in such a case, especially if you tell them you intend to buy one or the other. I used to buy from a place that always put a new set on every guitar sold that had hung on display more that 90 days. In this day of corporate owned places like Guitar Center that's not real common now.

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Best Combo Amp for the Money

Questions and Answers

Need help with sub/amp combo?

If anyone is selling or knos a place where i can get good sub amp combo for under $200 plz help me out.

Posted by E 4nsw3r5
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Ebay car audio then sub/amp combo,stick with name brand cea rated equipment.rockford fosgate prime series should have something in that price range.craigslist is were everyone sells there broken down equipment because there,s no way to get a refund.they post this crap with a bum phone number if any at all is or sonic also have some good equipment and you can have a live chat with a rep if your having problems.with 2 hundred e bays the way and they have ebay buyer protection so even if you buy used and have problems ebay themselves will refund your money,something craiglist will never do.

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Questions and Answers

Can I use this on a Combo amp?

I have a line 6 15w spider III amp, and wanted to know if this would be able to work with it
I also have a fender frontman 15 g would it ork with that.

Posted by Jason R
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Technically, you would get some effect from it, but I'm pretty sure it wouldn't be what you are looking for. The amp you're working with doesn't have a "thru" setting, so you would be running your guitar through a model patch in the pedal, and then another model patch in your amp's preamp section. For a multi-effect/tone modeling pedal to do it's job correctly, you need it to be directly amplified, generally preamping twice through two modeling type effects is not desired. Basicly, if you could skip the modeling section of your amp, you'd be in the money, but that's not possible with the Line 6 Spider III-15. Hope this helps!

Questions and Answers

Guitar Amp-recording help?

I finally got a new guitar amp the other day, as I had to sell my old one a while ago. While money is still tight, I got a really good deal on a new Fender Frontman 2×12 100W Combo, I am completly satisfied with the sound and power for the price.
However, the only compromise I made with this purchase is that this amp does not have a line out jack.
I am not completly savvy when it comes to specifications of amps, cuz I never had to worry about that stuff before.
Heres' the riddle:
My new amp has a Pre-Amp OUT Jack, and a Power IN jack.
Can I run a line-out of the pre-amp jack directly into my 8 track recorder and be able to record the sound from my amp?
What exactly/practically would a guitarist use a pre-amp out jack for?
Please help me out so I can finally get my stuff recorded!!!!!!

Posted by bos1on
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Well, if money's tight, you're screwed. You really need to mic your amp, since that's the only way to get the real sound. I suppose an output out of the preamp would work, but it would be severly inferior to recoding with a mic.

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Best Modeling Amp

Questions and Answers

Amp Modeling vs Live Sound?

I have a friend who is sold out on amp modeling such as the Line 6 Pod HD500 but I prefer the live sound of real amps and effects more. How can I convince him that amp modeling is just a fad and is less efficient cost and sound-wise? Also, what are some major downfalls of amp modeling?

Posted by someone_shaggy13
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I'm actually one for amp modeling. If you're very strict-budgeted and looking for versatile equipment. I mean, would you rather buy a Mesa Boogie Dual Rectifier, Marshall JCM800, Soldano SLO, Bogner Uberschall, and Peavey 5150/6505 for well over $7000, or buy a box that comes close to the sound of those amplifiers AND include effects for about $500?

But just don't try to be a snob and keep him from buying what he likes because you don't like it. If he doesn't like the processor later on, he can just sell it on eBay or craigslist.

And from what I read, the Line 6 POD's are one of the more high-quality amp modelers.

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Questions and Answers

Could I make it as a model? & where would I start?

Ok, so some info on me. I am 5ft 1. I have a flat stomach and can walk really well in heels. I love trying new fashion tends, and shopping is one of my main hobbies. I wanna try to start being a model, but I'm a bit nervous. Other girls might be mean and make fun of me for it. Not sure. Give me some advice. Here is a picture of me? Please no hate comments because I am totally serious about this. I have a positive attitude and would not like rude people too ruin it. Thanks soooo much.
Also, where would I start? How can I find some nice places to try?

Posted by Tessa
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Natalie Portman was discovered by a modeling agent at a pizza parlor, but she'd rather be an actress. She's 5'3" and is now the new face for Dior. Mila Kunis is 5'4" also the newest face for Christian Dior.

Modeling is not just the pretty face or the height.

Check out America's Next Top Model, or Scouted on E! So you can understand what goes on behind the modeling business. They own you top to bottom. Meaning, no if's, and's or but's. It's a very demanding career, and if you can handle stress and ready to give them 120% then you're IN.

I thought I was a model material, until they used me for extra in a movie and modeled once for hair, and realized I don't want anyone fuzzing with me top to bottom and are 'forced to wear and dress like a clown."

In Vogue UK, now hires 13-14 year old models. But there's a documentary "Girl Model" too young, too thin on Vogue models, shown at SXSW and the Toronto International Film festival, highlights the search and scouting of young girls in the modeling industry. Teen models have no clue what they're getting themselves into. They're naive. They get free food, free alcohol, they are forced into prostitution, too many abuses, sexual, physical, emotional you just can't believe.
Watch "Girl Model" Https://
If you're a model, and are shipped to Japan, would you be able to understand Japanese, to sign the contract? One model in Japan, gained 2", was sent home. "the modeling business is corrupt.'
They also took a bunch of her photos, and she never got paid, nor did she ever saw them! She had to borrow money to support herself, pay rent, food, to survive!
Google: Models are eating tissues to stay thin – ex-Vogue Editor – a good read. Http://…
Read what one model says about his hair: "I work as a model and went through a period of work where my hair was constantly straightened for photoshoots and shows; after about two or three weeks of having my hair straightened almost every day my hair has evidently become so damaged that it's stopped curling about two inches from my scalp. The roots of my hair still curl, everything below that hangs limp and straight and dead. I've never heard of this happening to anyone else, nor has anyone else I've spoken to including numerous hair dressers."

I went to a Charm & Poise school, when I was in HS in hopes to land a modeling job someday . . . And that's something I carried with me all my life. Some agencies don't give you jobs!

The best way to deal with modeling agencies is by contacting your area that is local and have a good record through the Better Business Bureau, not online.

Questions and Answers

Tube amp VS Model AMP?

Oh wise one: Is it better to have a cheap tube amp or a solid state amp with a VSTi modeler that can emulate tubes and many types of amps? They're about the same price. Thank you.

Posted by lizardness
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What cheap tube amp are you referring to? If you are doing cover songs and trying to emulate the original then I would suggest a " modeling" amp. If you are looking for your own " sound" then play through everything you can. Good Luck, and Happy New Year!

I personally like tube amps over " modelers" but that's just my opinion.

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Top-Rated Guitar Amps 2012

Questions and Answers

What guitar amp should I get?

I have been playing guitar for about six months and I think it is time to upgrade from my little 10 watt amp that came with the guitar. I don't know if I should go with the Peavey Vyper 30, Vox vt30, or the Orange Crush Pix 35. I play everything from classic rock to metal. What would be best?
If another amp is better then the ones I put, feel free to tell me.

Posted by g_clymer
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The amps you've chosen are nice but they're still in the "practice amp" category. They almost certainly have more features and effects than your 10 watt amp and are excellent amps to have around the house. The thing I would consider is that soon, you'll probably want to play with other folks, and 30 watts just isn't going to compete with bass and drums. If you can afford to keep buying amps as you grow into them, get any one of these.

If it was my choice, I'd spend a little more now and get an amp that I wouldn't outgrow as fast. The Roland Cube 80x or the Vox VT50 would be near the top of my list. While they aren't Marshall stacks, they're big enough to cut through the mix….I have friends who use them for small gigs.

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Questions and Answers

Who knows about guitars?

So i got a guitar not too long ago. Its a fender starcaster. I got it in a pack with a 10 watt amp. The amp has a volume, treble, and bass controls. The actual guitar has a master volume, tone 1 (neck pickup), and a tone 2 (middle pickup) control. Right now the guitar sounds like an amplified acoustic guitar. What can i change the controls to so i can make the guitar sound more electric?

Posted by WeAreBroken
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I would look at the amp and/or the guitar pickups, first.

( I am assuming that the guitar string height is adjusted correctly — not too high off the fretboard )

Being that the amplifier & pickups are, in my opinion, slightly under powered, try this:

Start by setting the amp dials at least half way. And adjust the volume, only, to a desirable level.
That should be a good starting point for the amp.

Next, take a look at the guitars 3 pickups. You may have to adjust the pickup height.
There will be 2 screws for each pickup. If the pickups are too low, this could also be effecting the sound of the guitar.
By turning the pickup screws, usually a small Phillips Scewdriver (star shaped) , in a clockwise direction, this will raise the pickup closer to the strings.

Pressing each string on the last fret on the neck, top end around fret 21, set the pickup height between 1/8 and 1/16th of an inch, about the thickness of a nickle.

By making the pickup higher you will increase the output slightly on the guitar.

Have the volume and tone pots all set to max or 10.

See how it sounds.

Also, new set of NAME brand electric guitar strings would also make a big difference in sound. Such as GHS, Ernie Ball, Fender Bullets, etc.

Hope this helps.

Questions and Answers

Acoustic-Electric Guitar?

Im looking to purchase an acoustic guitar with a pick-up in it. It has to have a warm bright sound and be in good quality. Does anyone know any brands I should look at with a budget of about $400.00-$500.00 max. Links would be helpful too. Thanks.

Posted by Bryce
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Hi Bryce,

Here is some of the best greatest acoustic electric guitars under $500 for everyone who are looking for a top acoustic electric guitar under $500.

Cordoba C5-CE Acoustic Electric Classical Guitar
Price: $399.99 & ships for FREE with Super Saver Shipping.
Cordoba C5-CE Acoustic/Electric nylon string guitar is the perfect guitar! The finish of C5-CE is beautiful. Solid Cedar top having Mahogany back/sides and soft cutaway. Fishman Isys Plus Pickup. It seems along with sounds wonderful. The particular Fishman on-board tuner is effective too. Contains Cordoba gig case. 25.6 inches scale length, 1.96 inches nut width.

Takamine G Series EG340SC Dreadnought Acoustic Electric Guitar, Natural
Price: $342.02 & ships for FREE with Super Saver Shipping.
Takamine EG340SC dreadnought has a solid spruce top for energetic range and a rich harmonic content. Mahogany back and sides increase resonance. High gloss finish offers longevity and long-lasting elegance. Contains the well-known Takamine under saddle pickup and TP4T preamp with 3-band EQ and integrated tuner.

Seagull Entourage Rustic CW QIT Acoustic-Electric Guitar Rustic
Price: $499.00 & ships for FREE with Super Saver Shipping.
The Seagull Entourage Rustic guitar provides an outstanding worth for guitar players from beginner level to pro level. This guitar perfectly made Canadian-made acoustic-electric guitar features select pressure-tested solid cedar tops, wild cherry back and sides, cream double binding and a rustic burst custom polished finish.

Luna Oracle Acoustic-Electric Guitar, Crane
Price: $349.00 & ships for FREE with Super Saver Shipping.
Luna’s “Crane”, an addition to the Oracle Series, can take guitar players to new experience of both visual and performing excitement. There are some more items which makes this outstanding from other guitars in the same class, which includes a simple to use built-in tuning meter, being rewired with an amp connection, and the decorative laser etched details

You can see and listen to the guitar sound examples at Http://…

That's a bunch of good options for you. Hope it helps. Good luck!

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Tube Amps for Home Audio

Maridis – Cold Summer Rain

Questions and Answers

Integrated tube amps… How can i pick a winner?

Im looking at a two channel setup with a turntable and an integrated amp. I dont know how to choose the right integrated amp. Solid state sound easy and potentially cheaper. I hear tube sounds better but degrades over time and needs to have tubes replaced. Im looking at around 500-700 for the amp almost definitly from as their really isnt much other choice for vintage gear. Can anyone clear this up for me?

Posted by Andrew B
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I would personally stay away from vintage gear, unless you're willing to pay extra to have it gone over by someone when you get it and periodically after… And can actually find someone who will do it and do it well. People who claim gear has been "restored" are often full of it. While these old electronics were built much better than anything is today, they don't last forever and usually require some work to get them sounding good and performing to spec and their rated power output.

Jolida makes some really nice sounding tube gear you can buy brand new in that price-range (no built-in phono stages though). That's probably where I'd start looking. The build quality is very decent too, good quality capacitors (not "audiophile", but longer lasting than the types generally used in consumer electronics), ceramic tube sockets, etc… Finding something that presents sound in a way that appeals to you personally is the most important thing. I would definitely try to listen to any audio gear before purchasing.


Small preamp tubes last quite awhile. Power tubes, maybe a few years. There are many low-cost current production tubes available I think sound very nice. Tube cost shouldn't be a problem.

Something like a Harman Kardon stereo receiver probably wouldn't be a bad way to go either. They're powerful, warm sounding and have a phono input. Almost as good as tubes or anything labled "budget audiophile" for much less money. I've been seeing refurbs going for good prices on eBAY direct from Harman Audio with warranty. I'm not crazy about their home theater receivers because their video switching is notoriously "buggy". But, many agree they do sound excellent as do their stereo receivers.


Looks like they've changed their strategy a bit and they're now listing some very high "buy it now or best offer" prices. An offer of less than half the "buy it now" price would probably score you one of these.

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Questions and Answers

Home music studio equiptment?

I am trying to surprise my husband for his birthday with a in home music studio. He and his partner already have one studio but its really really far from where we are now located. His partner told me he already has the computer with all the necessary programs. From what i understand i need to get KEYBOARD,MICROPHONE. I don't really know what else. I know his other studio had sound mixer boards, an insulated booth and other things i don't really know what they are called. If anyone can help me out. Just let me know the basic things i would need. They do not use drums or guitars. Basiccally make beats and record their songs. I have until June to get this studio together.

Please help

** also whats the cheapest place to find all the things i would need
Money is not really an option… So please do not tell me you think im in way over my head. Thanks again.

Posted by Nycole P
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I'd have to agree with the other answerer on this – this is a very specific question, and one that different people will have different needs and preferences on. I mean, I can tell you what I use, and that might help you get in the ballpark, but if he's used to a mixing board, then you're looking at a few thousand just for a decent mixing board alone, y'know?

My personal setup right now is very minimal, and is based around my laptop. I have a USB audio interface (a relatively cheap but decent quality Lexington Alpha), a small Behringer 4-track mixer for when I need it, a handful of different mics, a couple different amps and stompbox pedals and rackmount processing units, and a lot of samples, plugins, and misc software that I've downloaded to help me create what I want to create… And mix, and master, etc. Oh yeah, can't forget a couple of pairs of headphones. Gotta get good, flat response, high quality studio headphones.

Now, I have access to better equipment when I need it, so I haven't invested in decent monitors, I do my rough mixes over the headphones, which is okay for a rough mix but not adequate for a full-blown master mix – you gotta hear it in stereo to take it all in correctly.

Is he using synthesizers? Samplers? What level of keyboard is he using – something relatively simple with a few dozen different sounds, something more fully featured with onboard memory and banks of different samples, or a full digital workstation that can record/mix/master/burn all in one? There's at least one digit of difference in price here, so that's an important distinction.

Look, it's one thing for you to say "money is not an option", but you also said "whats the cheapest place to find this stuff"…. So obviously it's something of a concern!

The suggestion of asking this other guy is a good one, a solid one. See, if you get the wrong equipment, he'll have to take it back anyways – you would ideally want to get equipment that he's already using, equipment that is compatible with what he's already recorded and what he's familiar with.

You can go to Guitar Center/Sam Ash or any real music store and talk to them about what your options are, and you can go to places like for some decent deals, but if you don't know *exactly* what he needs, then you're basically wasting your time. We musicians tend to have very exact needs, and even the wrong brand can upset us or throw a monkey wrench into our whole process.

For a fully featured home studio, with mixing boards, DAW, a handful of good microphones, a decent Korg (etc) keyboard, some preamps and other rackmount equipment as necessary (compressors, EQ, etc), I could easily see dropping 10 grand… If not a lot more! And that's assuming that the computer is good quality, all the programs have already been purchased, doesn't count acoustic treatments, oh yeah, let's not forget power conditioners, need those for serious studio work, and definitely doesn't count any guitar, drum, bass guitar, etc equipment, amps, or instruments.

So here are my suggestions:

1) get him a nice tube condenser microphone and preamp. This can set you back at least a grand or two, and a good vocal mic is worth its weight in gold as far as recording goes. When recording vocals, assuming that the rest of the recording chain doesn't suck, this is the single biggest improvement you can make to get a better sound.

2) get one of every Shure microphone Guitar Center (or equivalent store) carries, at least every one of them that are over 100$. This will also set you back a good chunk of change, and isn't as cool as one superb mic, but sometimes having a variety of mics is a good thing, especially if he ever does record instruments – the Shure SM57 is the classic mic for recording electric guitar, but can also record vocals, bass, etc as well, for instance. Cheap mic, relatively speaking, but excellent quality.

3) Get him a gift certificate for as much as you want to swing. A grand is a good place to start, that's where most serious pro-level equipment begins. If you don't know what he needs, then this is what you want to do. It'll give him the excitement of purchasing something of his very own – for musicians, shopping for new gear is like Christmas – you don't necessarily know what you're going to get, but you know its going to be da#n cool!

The only reason I think you're in over your head is that you're operating from a position of ignorance. The best of intentions, no doubt, but not knowing what specific gear a musician uses is such a huge hole in your plan, y'know?

I wish you the best of luck, I'm sure you'll blow him away!


123 Low Profile Castable Umbrella

Questions and Answers

Class D mono vs. A-B dual channel bridged for sub?

What kind of quality difference would be noticed when running a sub on either a class d mono amp or a dual channel class a-b amp with the channels bridged? I've noticed that class d's are more expensive, is this because they are more power efficient or do they also produce better quality signals for subs?

Posted by Casual Catastrophe
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A-b are cheaper? Not uh. I dont think so. A-b amps arnt very efficient and are made for sound quality for component sets or home audio (you want even more expensive/sq/less efficient check out vacuum tube amps) d class amps are made for subs because there very efficient like 70-80% and the more quality the brand usually the less of a strain on your electrical it is

id like to know what a-b amps are cheaper then d class tho!

Hope it helps.

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Top-Rated Guitar Amps

Questions and Answers

Whats a good type of electric guitar to get? [+ amp]?

And do you have to change guitar after a certain amount of time?
Or just strings… Liek do you need to buy a completely new guitar after e.g. 10 years?

Posted by gone is the sun::.
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Well the guitar choice depends on what you want to play. For rock and blues, maybe funky stuff: fender strat, any gibson guitar, maybe ibanez. For heavy stuff like metal or something you'd want a jackson or ibanez. For some amps, maybe a marshall half or full stack, fender half stack, peavey amplifier, line 6. They're all pretty much top notch stuff.

Yes you do need to change strings every once in a while, i'll say maybe every 6 or 7 months.

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Questions and Answers

Top electric guitar tube amps under $500?

I play guitar as a hobby at home so I don't really need an amp that is extremely loud. Although I only play at home, I play at my high school's talent show once a year. I don't want an amp that's only played specifically for one genre because I play many genres.
@Erin I don't want to know WHERE to get a tube amp, I want to know WHAT tube amp I should get. EBAY is not a tube amp.

Posted by Nunya Bidness
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A 5 watt tube amp would be perfect for you. It will work at home and with a mic in front of it can be used to gig with. I love small tube amps and have purchased quite a few in the last couple years, so here's my take. The VOX AC4 is a pretty cool little amp. It can be set to 5, 1 or 1/4 watt so it works great at home. On the two lower settings you can crank it up and get some nice overdrive at very low volume. The Marshall Class 5 is probably my favorite of the ones I have owned. It is a bit more expensive than the VOX but still in your budget. The Marshall will need a pedal to get distortion/overdrive at lower volumes, but it also gets louder than the VOX making it better for playing with others. Another 5 watter than I added to the collection recently is the Blackstar HT-5R. This is also a very good sounding amp and it does have reverb (the other 2 do not). It also has a gain setting so no need for a pedal if you want to get dirty. But, it has more of a modern type sound compared to the more vintage tone of the Marshall. After owning all 3 of these I would rate the Marshall at the top with the Blackstar being a close second, mainly because it offers reverb and gain. The VOX is a good little amp too, I just like the others better. All of these are pretty easy to find in stores so try all 3 if possible. There are some more out there also but these are just the ones I have owned. One more thing, the Blackstar has a 12" speaker while the Marshall has a 10", but the Marshall works really well with that 10.




Questions and Answers

How can i bypass the preamp of the Vox Tube amp and use the preamps of the Boss GT 10?

I have a Boss GT 10 Pedal board and a Vox AC50 Tube Amp. How can i bypass the preamp of the Vox Tube and use the preamps of the Boss GT 10? I've tried many different ways but I really need the exact connections(ie. Input,send,recieve,left mono) . Can anyone give me exact cable connections and any settings on the GT 10 that I may have to enable/disable?

Posted by Chewy
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I am not sure why you would want to bypass the preamp section of the Vox amp, but to do so you simply take the output of the GT10 and run it into the return (receive) of the vox effects loop.
The way an effects loop works is to take the preamp signal and run it out to the effects unit via the send jack. It then runs through the effects and back into the power amp section of the amp via the return jack.
The GT10 is a preamp. It does not have an actual power amp to run a speaker.
You can run the GT10 into the input of the Vox but you will have to set the amp for a clean sound. This gives you the added benefit of having the initial gain stage of the vox which includes the tone controls of the amp.
The Vox amp has a unique tonal character that may or may not appeal to you. The GT10 has a rather generic sound of a multi processor. If you are using the presets in the Boss unit than you may have trouble using it with the effects loop of the Vox. This is because the Boss unit is capable of high gain preamp distortion and effects box style distortion simultaneously. This is overkill when combined with the preamp of the Vox amp which is also capable of high gain distortion.
My suggestion is to either use the GT10 as an effects only unit through the amps effects loop. This will allow you to use the great sounding all tube signal path of the Vox while using the GT10 for state-of-the-art effects sounds. OR, run the output of the GT10 into the effects return of the Vox as I described above.
If you are truly sold on the GT10 as the primary preamp and effects processor than I would strongly suggest forgoing an amp altogether and run the left and right output of the GT10 into a stereo power amp and into a stereo guitar cabinet or 2 mono guitar cabinets.
If you really want to go high tech, than use a signal splitter and run the guitar straight into the Vox amp AND into the GT10 through a power amp into a stereo cabinet. This is actually the best way to go because then you have the very high fidelity of the GT10 through a stereo system so that all of the effects and preamp tones are virtually uncolored by any external amp. At the same time you still have the great raw tone of the Vox tube amp to blend with the processed sound of the Boss.
This last example is the way that many top musicians run their rigs. Using a signal splitter to run into multiple amp set ups and blend the over all signals into one massive, killer sound. This also gives you the benefit of using variations of clean tones on one amp set up with distortion on another amp.
I know this is a lot to consider but you may want to think about this option. Good luck.

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Best Bass Amp

Questions and Answers

Looking for a classic tube bass amp?

I own a fender deville 212 and a vox ac30 for my guitar playing needs. I also have a B2R ampeg bass head and an ampeg B-410HLF. I am looking for a bass amp that has a similar look and sound to my other guitar amps. I like the way the fender 59 Bassman looks, but some have said that it doesn't have much power. Does anyone know of an amp that has the look of the bassman, and the warm tube sound I am looking for? I have played a bass guitar through a fender reverb twin and I loved the way it sounded, but I know that the reverb twin isn't geared for bass. Thoughts?

Posted by jay
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The classic tube bass amp IS the Ampeg. The SVT models are world renown for awesome tone. Although they do not really resemble the Fender bassman. If it is a bassman "style" amp you are looking for than you might want to check out the Acoustic line of bass amps. There older tube models do resemble the Fender in looks and sound. Unfortunately the newer models are predominantly solid state amps. P.S. The bassman makes a great guitar amp too! Many players really dig the sound of a cranked up bassman. Be careful running a bass through any guitar amp, that is a good way to blow out the amp.

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Questions and Answers

Electric guitar through bass amp dilemma?

Hi, I've been wondering for years about this and never really found a definitive answer.
I'm a guitarist and bassist. Playing a bass through a guitar amp would kill it.
So I'm planning to get a new bass amp to practice both guitar & bass.
Is this the best thing to do?

Posted by Zed
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A bass amp isn't ideal for the electric guitar. Electric guitar amps roll off a lot of high end and emphasize mids, while bass guitars emphasize the lows and keep a lot of that high end for the "snap" and "attack" of the strings and fret noise. Overall, a bass amp is built for headroom, ie, being able to put out a lot of clean volume, while a guitar amp is built to put out a limited frequency range, specializing in where the electric guitar sounds the best.

Some bass amps sound great with guitars…. I'm thinking of the Fender Bassman, a bass amp that many guitarists have loved to play through ever since they came out way back when. However, most modern bass amps are too clean to fit a guitar without some pedals in between.

So in my general opinion, to play an electric through most bass amps, you would either want a multifx pedal (which benefits from a lot of clean headroom) or some sort of preamp in between to kinda dirty it up a bit. EQ probably wouldn't hurt either.


Questions and Answers

How can i make my guitar amp sound like bass amp?

I want a clean sound from my bass guitar but im using guitar amp?

I have:


please help
turn what to 11?

Posted by the dude
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Here's the thing – guitar amp tone controls are optimized for the guitar's frequencies (ie more midrange) vs the optimal frequencies for a bass guitar.

The most important thing is to recognize that guitar *speakers* are in general not beefy enough to handle a bass guitar. A good rule of thumb is that you want speakers that are rated for as many watts as possible – certainly not lower than 50 watts, and preferably higher. I wouldn't have any problem, I think, playing a bass at moderate volumes on a Marshall 1960a cab, because of the 75 watt speakers, but on something like a cab loaded with Vintage 30's, I wouldn't even try – I can overload the speakers with just turning the guitars bass up, and the bass guitar's range goes a full octave below the guitar!

You can try plugging in and keeping it at a very low volume, but listen carefully – if it starts fuzzing out turn down the bass and volume. If you turn it up too loud you risk blowing your speakers.

All that said, if I was to try and plug a bass guitar into a guitar amp, I would try to mimic how a bass guitar amp handles its signal – with as much headroom as possible.

So, one option would be to plug into an EQ pedal and go into the effects loop return. This bypasses your volume controls, etc, but the EQ pedal gives you that, plus more control over your tone. Going in through the fx loop bypasses the preamp, which is good – preamp means gain and tone-shaping, and in general you aren't going to want a lot of gain when playing bass – you want clean power to get the best, clearest bass sound possible.

If that wasn't an option (some amps don't have an fx loop, ie Line 6 Spider series, etc), I would go in through the front, but would keep the gain at or below 25% – again, for maximum headroom. You want "clean", not dirty or fuzzy. I would keep the bass at or below 50% (again, to minimize the bass presence, which the guitar speaker isn't going to handle well), mids around 40%, and treble around 60%, with volume to taste. I tend to prefer a treblier bass sound, with lots of articulation, so this is in general the direction I would go. Very similar to my guitar's tone settings.

With an EQ pedal, I would bump up the frequencies around 3-6khz a few db, would cut the lowest frequencies (ie below 100 hz), and would bump up around 400 hz probably a few db as well. Would look to cut mids, between 800 and 1 khz, I think.

Hmmm. That's a bit of guesswork – would have to tinker with it.

Then again, I wouldn't do it, personally. I have a bass amp. The Behringer cheapo practice amp ( >100$ ) is actually a pretty decent little unit even, although obviously the volume isn't going to be huge, its great for jamming solo or with acoustic guitars.

Hope that helps!


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